Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) has revealed “Rolling Spectrum Technique 2020-2023”, observing that C-band (3.6 – 4.2 GHz) is a core spectrum band for 5G deployment and really helpful for a cost-benefit evaluation to evaluate the optimum method for its launch for 5G.
The technique said that many nationwide regulators globally have both assigned this spectrum for Cellular or have began preparations to take action. PTA/FAB/MoIT, in session with SUPARCO, ought to perform a cost-benefit evaluation to evaluate the optimum method for the discharge of C-band for 5G.
The Allocation of C-Band for 5G
It ought to embody the price of implementing coexistence measures or a band clearance. In some instances, a hybrid of the 2 approaches could also be acceptable. For instance, in its plans for releasing the 3575-3700 MHz band, the Australian regulator ACMA determined to clear present FSS and FS customers in metro and regional areas over a transition interval of as much as seven years whereas specifying coexistence measures to guard incumbent customers throughout this era.
It additional said that the 2500MHz affords 190MHz of bandwidth (2500 – 2690 MHz) and it’s allotted in lots of nations for cell providers. This band must be a excessive precedence after the 1800MHz has been absolutely assigned. This band is now being utilized in many nations for LTE techniques, and sometimes being aggregated with different bands to ship sooner LTE speeds. That is essential for cell operators in Pakistan. Cellular Operators have additionally utilized with PTA/FAB to conduct 5G trials on this band.
The technique really helpful to not put in place a set spectrum cap outlined in MHz however operator with a better than 35 %/40 % of all cell spectrum be barred from an impending public sale. PTA/FAB can think about using a proportion share of the general cell spectrum as a information to resolve if additional analysis must be carried out. Since there are 4 cell operators in Pakistan, it is strongly recommended that PTA/FAB take into account 35 % or 40 % a reference level.
PTA/FAB ought to, at the side of the Competitors Fee of Pakistan (CCP), verify if an operator buying spectrum (whether or not via a merger or via an upcoming public sale) could have an unfair benefit over small rivals. The analysis will take into consideration the operator’s share of subscribers in addition to the chance for different operators to accumulate spectrum via an upcoming public sale. MoIT&T/PTA/FAB might take a stance that the operator with a better than 35 %/40 % of all cell spectrum to be barred from an impending public sale.
Spectrum Grasp Plan
The Spectrum Grasp Plan gives a future roadmap for spectrum allocation in addition to spectrum-related coverage opinions which can be anticipated to happen between 2020 and 2023.
The technique revealed that there’s a excessive probability that gadgets will hit essential mass earlier than 2020 and really helpful that the Ministry of Info Expertise and Telecommunication/PTA/FAB goal to allocate the band for public sale. This band can also be essential for Pakistan operators to increase the protection to rural areas because it has higher propagation traits.
The report revealed that PTA/FAB is contemplating implementing an AIP-based spectrum pricing framework to exchange the present ASAF. As a part of the spectrum pricing assessment, PTA/FAB has already submitted the revised ACR payment ranges for precept approval by the federal government of Pakistan for implementation. Will probably be utilized to providers the place auctions and AIP aren’t applied.
The technique has really helpful that the present charging regime primarily based on ASAF might proceed until the time a market-based pricing system for the back-haul spectrum is in place. ASAF is the executive value for managing entry and backhaul spectrums utilized by cell operators pursuant to mobile coverage 2004. It could be decoupled i.e. separate regimes to be launched for Entry Spectrum Annual Administration Charges and Microwave Backhaul Spectrum (Administrative Incentive Pricing) regime. AIP and revised ASAF regimes might be applied as soon as finalized.
PTA/FAB must work for rationalization of the spectrum in order that Cellular operators could be supplied with normal spectrum blocks. Some operators have began to close down 2G techniques in some nations while 2G will proceed to be in use in lots of locations together with Pakistan, it’s going to additionally begin to section out in just a few years as cell operators attempt to promote Smartphones to earn income from information providers. It’s, subsequently, helpful to contemplate the long-term use of this band and divide the band into separate numerous 2x 5MHz.
Globally, the 1800 MHz is without doubt one of the hottest spectrum bands for cell communications. The band is now used to deploy LTE by a number of operators all over the world. PTA/ FAB has additionally obtained requests for extra spectrum assignments on this band. With widespread world adoption, tools is available and this band is deemed beneficial to cell operators, notably for the deployment of LTE. PTA/FAB ought to plan a clear and efficient methodology for the task of a vacant portion of this band.
Automation of the Licensing Course of
The technique really helpful that MoIT&T and PTA ought to urgently have a look at automating the licensing course of. This could embody automating the invoicing of licenses. If PTA intends to develop a system in–home, they need to nonetheless consider the SMS4DC to find out the important thing parameters and necessities for a complete platform.
As soon as the system is in operation, the following section may embody integration with a web-based utility portal and/or continued reconciliation of distributed information between FAB and PTA. With a view to implement the sunshine licensing regime for unlicensed Spectrum (UWB, Wi-Fi, IoT, SRD, and many others), a web-based system additionally must be deployed by PTA/FAB.
One other web-based system much like TOWAIR developed by FAA/FCC within the USA must be deployed by CAA/PTA/FAB for expediting the location clearance course of within the neighborhood of airports. BTS approval course of must be made on-line as properly so as to shorten time consumed by FAB Board Members in choice making.